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DEMETER卫星记录到的电离层加热现象

张学民 FROLOV V L 申旭辉 RUZHINY 赵庶凡 泽仁志玛 徐维东 钱庚

张学民, FROLOV V L, 申旭辉, RUZHINY, 赵庶凡, 泽仁志玛, 徐维东, 钱庚. DEMETER卫星记录到的电离层加热现象[J]. 空间科学学报, 2016, 36(1): 25-39. doi: 10.11728/cjss2016.01.025
引用本文: 张学民, FROLOV V L, 申旭辉, RUZHINY, 赵庶凡, 泽仁志玛, 徐维东, 钱庚. DEMETER卫星记录到的电离层加热现象[J]. 空间科学学报, 2016, 36(1): 25-39. doi: 10.11728/cjss2016.01.025
ZHANG Xuemin, FROLOV V L, SHEN Xuhui, RUZHIN Y, ZHAO Shufan, ZEREN Zhima, XU Weidong, QIAN Geng. Phenomena excited by ionospheric heating observed on DEMETER satellite[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2016, 36(1): 25-39. doi: 10.11728/cjss2016.01.025
Citation: ZHANG Xuemin, FROLOV V L, SHEN Xuhui, RUZHIN Y, ZHAO Shufan, ZEREN Zhima, XU Weidong, QIAN Geng. Phenomena excited by ionospheric heating observed on DEMETER satellite[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2016, 36(1): 25-39. doi: 10.11728/cjss2016.01.025

DEMETER卫星记录到的电离层加热现象

doi: 10.11728/cjss2016.01.025
基金项目: 科技部国际科技合作项目资助(2014DFR21280,2012DFR20440K04
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    张学民,E-mail:zhangxm96@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P352

Phenomena excited by ionospheric heating observed on DEMETER satellite

  • 摘要: 在法国DEMETER卫星运行期间, 地基电离层加热装置SURA和HAARP开展了一系列加热试验, 记录到各类电离层异常信息, 发现电离层加热过程中卫星观测的电离层扰动信号包括HF发射泵波及边带泵波、VLF人工源增强及频谱拓展、ULF/ELF/VLF调制波、ELF电磁扰动、ULF谐振波、等离子体特征参量扰动及高能粒子沉降等. 由于传播及耦合机制的差异, 发射泵波可以穿透电离层直达卫星高度, 其观测概率最高达到68%以上, 其他扰动受发射调制模式及当地电磁环境等影响,观测概率相对较低, 均在40%左右, 有些甚至是某次试验中出现的个别事例. 结合中国地震电磁监测试验卫星飞行轨道设计及载荷配置等,对未来开展加热试验进行了分析论证, 并参考DEMETER卫星试验结果给出了一些建议.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-07
  • 修回日期:  2015-09-01
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-15

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