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第23和24太阳活动周高纬地磁感应电流分布特性

魏佳筠 左平兵 宋小健 周梓露

魏佳筠, 左平兵, 宋小健, 周梓露. 第23和24太阳活动周高纬地磁感应电流分布特性[J]. 空间科学学报, 2021, 41(4): 537-545. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.04.537
引用本文: 魏佳筠, 左平兵, 宋小健, 周梓露. 第23和24太阳活动周高纬地磁感应电流分布特性[J]. 空间科学学报, 2021, 41(4): 537-545. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.04.537
WEI Jiayun, ZUO Pingbing, SONG Xiaojian, ZHOU Zilu. Distribution Characteristics of the Geomagnetic Induced Currents at High Latitude during Solar Cycle 23 and 24[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2021, 41(4): 537-545. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.04.537
Citation: WEI Jiayun, ZUO Pingbing, SONG Xiaojian, ZHOU Zilu. Distribution Characteristics of the Geomagnetic Induced Currents at High Latitude during Solar Cycle 23 and 24[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2021, 41(4): 537-545. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.04.537

第23和24太阳活动周高纬地磁感应电流分布特性

doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.04.537
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(41731067,42074205)和广东省自然科学基金项目(2019A1515011067)共同资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    魏佳筠,E-mail:20B958028@stu.hit.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P353

Distribution Characteristics of the Geomagnetic Induced Currents at High Latitude during Solar Cycle 23 and 24

  • 摘要: 基于高纬度芬兰Mäntsälä地区近两个太阳活动周期(1999—2017年)天然气传输管道的地磁感应电流(GIC,IGIC)观测数据,统计研究了GIC扰动的分布特征以及强GIC扰动与磁暴和地磁亚暴的相关性.研究发现:95.83%时间段的GIC强度分布在0~1A之间.定义:若某个时间段|IGIC|max> 1A,则认为发生GIC扰动;|IGIC|max>10A,则认为发生强GIC扰动事件.GIC扰动在磁地方时夜侧附近发生的概率最高,这主要与地磁亚暴发生期间电离层电流最剧烈的变化发生在磁地方时夜侧附近有关;强GIC扰动经常爆发式出现,且都发生在磁暴期间,但大多数磁暴并不伴随强GIC扰动事件发生.磁暴急始驱动的强GIC扰动事件较少,由磁层压缩引起地磁场突然增强驱动的强GIC扰动事件持续时间较短;强GIC扰动事件主要发生在磁暴主相和恢复相,由环电流变化驱动的强GIC扰动事件一般持续时间较长且强度较大.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-01-12
  • 修回日期:  2020-12-13
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-15

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