The understanding of solid material flammability in the specific use environment is of practical importance for manned spacecraft fire safety, and the relevant fire safety concerns in spacecraft have served as one of the primary motivations for microgravity combustion research. In recent years, the various space powers have paid continuous attention to the burning characteristics of solid materials and the corresponding application to spacecraft safety. It seems that a renewed interest in such a research field is arising, while distinct features and development trends could be identified. This paper reviews the research progress and latest results on microgravity solid combustion in recent ten years. Overall development trends of the field and future directions of research work are also discussed, hoping to provide useful reference for further research.