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Progress of Fengyun Meteorological Satellites Since 2020*

ZHANG Peng XU Zhe GUAN Min XIE Lizi XIAN Di LIU Chang

ZHANG Peng, XU Zhe, GUAN Min, XIE Lizi, XIAN Di, LIU Chang. Progress of Fengyun Meteorological Satellites Since 2020. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(4): 724-732 doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.04.yg14
Citation: ZHANG Peng, XU Zhe, GUAN Min, XIE Lizi, XIAN Di, LIU Chang. Progress of Fengyun Meteorological Satellites Since 2020. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(4): 724-732 doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.04.yg14

Progress of Fengyun Meteorological Satellites Since 2020*

doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.04.yg14
Funds: Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFB0504900, 2018YFB0504905) and the National Project on Fengyun Meteorological Satellite Development
More Information
  • Figure  1.  Operating Fengyun satellites in space

    Figure  2.  Solar EUV image observed by FY-3E X-EUVI

    Figure  3.  FY-4B cloud image (Visible band composite, 15:00 BJT, 5 July 2022)

    Figure  4.  Cumulative annual archive data volume in NSMC

    Figure  5.  WMO Survey Result: General-purpose polar-orbiting satellite products

    Table  1.   Instruments onboard FY-3E

    No.InstrumentsStatues
    1Dual-frequency wind radar (WindRAD)New
    2Solar spectral irradiance monitor (SSIM)
    3Solar X-EUV Imagers (XEUVI)
    4MERSI-LImproved
    5MWTS-III
    6HIRAS-II
    7GNOS-II
    8SIM-II
    9SEM
    10Tri-IPM
    11MWHS-IIInherited
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Instruments onboard FY-4B

    No.InstrumentsStatues
    1Advanced Geostationary Radiation Imager (AGRI)Inherited
    2Geostationary Interferometric Infrared Sounder (GIIRS)Inherited
    3Geostationary High Speed Imager (GHI)New
    4Space Environment Package (SEP)Inherited
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Current operational Fengyun LEO satellites (as of 1 May 2022)

    Orbit type (Local time
    of descending node/ascending node)
    Satellites currently in orbitEquatorial crossing
    time (design specifications)
    Equatorial crossing
    time (present)
    Launch dateStatusMain
    instruments
    Morning orbit
    (07:00–12:00 LT)/
    (19:00–24:00 LT)
    FY-3C10:00 LT07:39 LT23 Sept. 2013Primary
    operation
    VIRR(O)
    MERSI(S)
    IRAS(S)
    MWRI(S)
    MWTS-2(S)
    MWHS-2(O)
    TOU(O)
    SIM(S)
    ERM(O)
    GNOS(O)
    SEM(S)
    Afternoon orbit
    (12:00–17:00 LT)/
    (00:00–05:00 LT)
    FY-3D14:00 LT13:45 LT15 Nov. 2017Primary
    operation
    MERSI-II(O)
    HIRAS(O)
    MWTS-II(O)
    MWHS-II(O)
    MWRI(O)
    GAS(T)
    GNOS(O)
    WAI(O)
    IPM(O)
    SEM(O)
    Note (O) means the instruments working operationally, (T) means the instruments are working for testing, (S) means the instruments are shut down
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  4.   Current operational Fengyun GEO satellites (as of 1 May 2022)

    Satellites currently in orbitLocationLaunch dateStatusMain instruments
    FY-2G99.5°E31 Dec. 2014Primary operation for full disk scanVISSR(O)
    SEM(O)
    FY-4A104.7°E11 Dec. 2016Primary operation for full disk scanAGRI(O)
    GIIRS(O)
    LMI(O)
    SEP(O)
    FY-2H79°E5 Jun. 2018Primary operation for full disk scan since
    1 Jan. 2019
    VISSR(O)
    SEM(O)
    Note (O) means the instruments working operationally, and (S) means the instruments are shut down
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  5.   List of Fengyun satellite international disaster support cases in 2021

    No.DateCountryDisaster
    1 28 Jan. 2021 Swaziland Tropical cyclone and flood
    2 8 Feb. 2021 India Flash flood
    3 23 Feb. 2021 Philippines Tropical cyclone and flood
    4 7 Apr. 2021 Indonesia Flash flood
    5 8 Apr. 2021 East Timor Tropical cyclone
    6 13 Apr. 2021 St Vincent Volcano eruption
    7 24 May 2021 Congo Volcano eruption
    8 7 Jun. 2021 Sri Lanka Sea oil spill
    9 7 Jun. 2021 Sri Lanka Flash flood
    10 22 Jul. 2021 Russia Wildfire
    11 29 Jul. 2021 Tunisia and Algeria Wildfire
    12 9 Aug. 2021 Russia Flash flood
    13 15 Aug. 2021 Russia Wildfire
    14 9 Sept. 2021 Republic of Togo Flash flood
    15 3 Oct. 2021 United Arab Emirates Tropical cyclone
    16 4 Oct. 2021 Oman Tropical cyclone
    17 13 Nov. 2021 Sri Lanka Flash flood
    18 7 Dec. 2021 Indonesia Volcano eruption
    19 9 Dec. 2021 Micronesia Flash flood
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] ZHANG P, CHEN L, XIAN D, et al. Update on Fengyun meteorological satellite program and development[J]. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2020, 40(5): 884-897
    [2] ZHANG P, LU Q F, HU X Q, et al. Latest progress of the Chinese meteorological satellite program and core data processing technologies[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2019, 36(9): 1027-1045 doi: 10.1007/s00376-019-8215-x
    [3] ZHANG P, HU X Q, LU Q F, et al. FY-3 E: the first operational meteorological satellite mission in an early morning orbit[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2022, 39(1): 1-8 doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1304-7
    [4] National Satellite Meteorological Center. Fengyun3-03 User Requirement Specification[R]. Beijing: National Satellite Meteorological Center, 2015
    [5] National Satellite Meteorological Center. Fengyun4-02 Requirement Specification[R]. Beijing: National Satellite Meteorological Center, 2019
    [6] YANG Z D, ZHANG P, GU S Y, et al. Capability of Fengyun-3D satellite in Earth system observation[J]. Journal of Meteorological Research, 2019, 33(6): 1113-1130 doi: 10.1007/s13351-019-9063-4
    [7] YANG J, ZHANG Z Q, WEI C Y, et al. Introducing the new generation of Chinese geostationary weather satellites, Fengyun-4[J]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2017, 98(8): 1636-1658
    [8] XIAN D, ZHANG P, GAO L, et al. Fengyun meteorological satellite products for Earth system science applications[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2021, 38(8): 1267-1284 doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0425-3
    [9] WMO. RA II and RA V Survey on the Use of Satellite Data[R]. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization, 2020
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-27
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-27
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-02

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