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电离层不规则结构对GPS性能的影响

李婧华 马冠一

李婧华, 马冠一. 电离层不规则结构对GPS性能的影响[J]. 空间科学学报, 2013, 33(2): 158-169. doi: 10.11728/cjss2013.02.158
引用本文: 李婧华, 马冠一. 电离层不规则结构对GPS性能的影响[J]. 空间科学学报, 2013, 33(2): 158-169. doi: 10.11728/cjss2013.02.158
Li Jinghua, Ma Guanyi. Effect of ionospheric irregularities on GPS performance[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2013, 33(2): 158-169. doi: 10.11728/cjss2013.02.158
Citation: Li Jinghua, Ma Guanyi. Effect of ionospheric irregularities on GPS performance[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2013, 33(2): 158-169. doi: 10.11728/cjss2013.02.158

电离层不规则结构对GPS性能的影响

doi: 10.11728/cjss2013.02.158
基金项目: 中国科学院新兴与交叉学科布局试点项目(KJCX2-EW-J01), 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KGCX2-EW-407-1), 中国科学院研究生 科技创新与社会实践专项和中国科学院国家天文台青年人才基金项目共同资助
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: P352

Effect of ionospheric irregularities on GPS performance

  • 摘要: 电离层不规则结构的存在可引起无线电信号的幅度和相位发生随机起伏, 这 种电离层闪烁现象会影响全球定位系统(Global Positioning System, GPS)的 性能, 降低定位精度, 严重时导致信号失锁. 电离层不规则结构对GPS性能的 影响涉及电离层物理、接收机设计和表征卫星几何分布的精度衰减因子(Dilution of Positioning, DOP)等多方面因素. 本文通过对表征电离层不规则结构参数 的分析, 根据GPS接收机跟踪环路和闪烁信号模型, 综合研究了电离层闪烁对 GPS接收机载波跟踪环和码跟踪环跟踪误差的影响; 结合实际观测, 评述 了电离层不规则结构对单频和双频GPS接收机定位性能的影响, 在此基础上 提出了有待深入研究的问题及具体建议.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-03-08
  • 修回日期:  2012-10-08
  • 刊出日期:  2013-03-15

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