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中国区域临近空间准零风层的观测特征

胡耀月 王东海 吴珍珍 张春燕 曾智琳 万轶婧

胡耀月, 王东海, 吴珍珍, 张春燕, 曾智琳, 万轶婧. 中国区域临近空间准零风层的观测特征[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(3): 383-395. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210303022
引用本文: 胡耀月, 王东海, 吴珍珍, 张春燕, 曾智琳, 万轶婧. 中国区域临近空间准零风层的观测特征[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(3): 383-395. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210303022
HU Yaoyue, WANG Donghai, WU Zhenzhen, ZHANG Chunyan, ZENG Zhilin, WAN Yijing. Analysis of the Observational Characteristics of the Quasi-zero Wind Layer in the Near Space over China (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(3): 383-395. DOI: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210303022
Citation: HU Yaoyue, WANG Donghai, WU Zhenzhen, ZHANG Chunyan, ZENG Zhilin, WAN Yijing. Analysis of the Observational Characteristics of the Quasi-zero Wind Layer in the Near Space over China (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(3): 383-395. DOI: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210303022

中国区域临近空间准零风层的观测特征

doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210303022
基金项目: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)临近空间飞行器运行环境预报技术项目资助(XDA17010402)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡耀月:E-mail:huyy39@mail2.sysu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P356

Analysis of the Observational Characteristics of the Quasi-zero Wind Layer in the Near Space over China

  • 摘要: 准零风层(Quasi-zero Wind Layer)是指平流层下部风速较小的东西风转换层,是临近空间(20~100 km)开发利用的重要参考依据,也是当前临近空间飞行器浮空运行的研究热点。基于2010-2019年中国多个站点L波段探空资料,将中国分为5个区域(15°N-20°N,20°N-25°N,25°N-30°N,30°N-40°N,40°N-50°N),分析各区域准零风层的结构特点及其随纬度、季节的变化规律。根据实测风场分析发现平流层下部存在单层/双层准零风层,各区域的南北分布差异大致以25°N为界:单层准零风层主要出现在25°N以北的夏季;双层准零风层主要出现在25°N以南的10月至次年5月。单层/双层准零风层平均维持高度随纬度递增,且其厚度以双峰变化为主。此外,单层准零风层每月出现和维持天数均大于双层,30°N以北的单层准零风层在夏季的维持天数较其他区域长。

     

  • 图  1  根据纬度分区的全国探空站点空间分布(不同颜色站点代表不同区域)

    Figure  1.  Spatial distribution of sounding stations in China according to the latitude partition (Different color represents different region)

    图  2  一次探空观测记录的风廓线 (黑色和蓝色实线表示纬向风和经向风,红点随高度递增依次表示准零风层的开始和结束高度)

    Figure  2.  Wind profile for one record of sounding observation (black and blue full line represent zonal wind and meridional wind, respectively. The red dots increasing with the height indicate the beginning and ending height of the Quasi-zero wind layer in turn)

    图  3  2010-2019年平均单层准零风层出现概率高度–时间分布

    Figure  3.  Height temporal sections of probability for existence of the single-layer QZWL averaged from 2010 to 2019

    图  4  2010-2019年单层准零风层平均维持高度逐月变化

    Figure  4.  Annual variation of averaged height of the single-layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

    图  5  2010-2019年单层准零风层厚度的季节变化

    Figure  5.  Seasonal variation of thickness of the single-layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

    图  6  2010-2019年多年平均双层准零风层出现概率高度–时间分布

    Figure  6.  Height temporal sections of probability for existence of the double-layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

    图  7  2010-2019年双层准零风层平均维持高度逐月变化

    Figure  7.  Annual variation of average height of the double-layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

    图  8  2010-2019年双层准零风层厚度季节变化

    Figure  8.  Seasonal variation of thickness of the double-layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

    图  9  2010-2019年多年平均的单层/双层准零风层出现天数逐月变化

    Figure  9.  Annual variation of occurrence days of the single/double-layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

    图  10  2010-2019年多年平均的单层准零风层维持天数逐月变化

    Figure  10.  Annual variation of maintenance days of the single layer QZWL from 2010 to 2019

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-27
  • 录用日期:  2021-05-21
  • 修回日期:  2022-02-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-23

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