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带电云对大气电场随高度变化特征的影响

李磊 陈涛 苏建峰 李文 提烁 吴晗 罗静 王诗涵 李仁康

李磊, 陈涛, 苏建峰, 李文, 提烁, 吴晗, 罗静, 王诗涵, 李仁康. 带电云对大气电场随高度变化特征的影响[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(3): 414-421. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210513053
引用本文: 李磊, 陈涛, 苏建峰, 李文, 提烁, 吴晗, 罗静, 王诗涵, 李仁康. 带电云对大气电场随高度变化特征的影响[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(3): 414-421. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210513053
LI Lei, CHEN Tao, SU Jianfeng, LI Wen, TI Shuo, WU Han, LUO Jing, WANG Shihan, LI Renkang. Influence of Charged Clouds on the Distribution of Atmospheric Electric Field with Altitude (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(3): 414-421. DOI: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210513053
Citation: LI Lei, CHEN Tao, SU Jianfeng, LI Wen, TI Shuo, WU Han, LUO Jing, WANG Shihan, LI Renkang. Influence of Charged Clouds on the Distribution of Atmospheric Electric Field with Altitude (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(3): 414-421. DOI: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210513053

带电云对大气电场随高度变化特征的影响

doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210513053
基金项目: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA17010301,XDA17040505,XDA15052500,XDA15350201),国家自然科学基金项目(41874175,41931073),国家重点实验室专项基金项目及中国科学院国家空间科学中心培育专项135项目(Y92111BA8S),空间中心攀登计划主任基金项目(E0PD41A11S),国家重大科技基础设施子午工程项目和云南省基础研究青年项目(2019FD111)共同资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李磊:E-mail:lilei@swl.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    陈涛,E-mail:tchen@nssc.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P352

Influence of Charged Clouds on the Distribution of Atmospheric Electric Field with Altitude

  • 摘要: 大气电场与雷暴活动、气候变化、大气污染、太阳活动密切相关,在特殊地形上探测大气电场的高度分布对于大气电学的相关研究具有重要意义。2020年9月12日,中国科学院鸿鹄专项团队将大气电场仪搭载在探空气球上,在青海省海西蒙古族藏族自治州大柴旦地区进行了大气电场高度分布的探测实验。本文分析讨论了此次实验中用到的电场仪、实验过程及实验结果。大气电场曲线中间凸起的部分对应电场仪穿过带电云层,因此将其分为三段并分别进行拟合。探测实验及分析结果表明:在不同高度处大气电场的主要影响因素不同,其分布规律会存在差异。此外,带电云会使大气电场强度整体增大,但云层中大气电场的高度分布仍能较好地符合指数变化规律。

     

  • 图  1  空间差分新型电场仪原理

    Figure  1.  New space differential electric field instrument’s principle

    图  2  大气电场仪的标定曲线

    Figure  2.  Calibration curve of the atmospheric electric field instrument

    图  3  探空气球实验测量结果(大气电场–高度分布)

    Figure  3.  Atmospheric electric field-altitude distribution measured by the air sounding balloon experiment

    图  4  探空气球实验的相对湿度–高度分布

    Figure  4.  Relative humidity-altitude distribution measured by the air sounding balloon experiment

    图  5  探空气球实验的风速–高度分布

    Figure  5.  Wind speed-altitude distribution measured by the air sounding balloon experiment

    图  6  探空气球实验大气电场强度的高度分布拟合曲线与原观测数据对比.(a)海拔高度小于3.9 km的数据,(b)海拔高度在6.7~9.7 km的数据,(c)海拔高度在11 km以上的数据

    Figure  6.  Comparison of the fitting curve of atmospheric electric field intensity with altitude and the observed data measured by air sounding balloon experiment. (a) The altitude is less than 3.9 km. (b) The altitude is between 6.7 km and 9.7 km. (c) The altitude is higher than 11 km

    表  1  接收机记录的数据格式

    Table  1.   Data format recorded by the receiver

    电场/
    (V·m–1)
    相对
    湿度/(%)
    工作
    状态
    世界时
    (UT)
    经度/
    (°)
    纬度/
    (°)
    高度/
    m
    96.9422A00:25:0395.3405337.7436833185
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-13
  • 录用日期:  2021-11-11
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-24

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