留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

液氙加注过程中贮箱充填率影响因素分析

蒋超 吴宗谕 黄奕勇 程云

蒋超, 吴宗谕, 黄奕勇, 程云. 液氙加注过程中贮箱充填率影响因素分析[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(3): 455-462. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210611070
引用本文: 蒋超, 吴宗谕, 黄奕勇, 程云. 液氙加注过程中贮箱充填率影响因素分析[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(3): 455-462. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210611070
JIANG Chao, WU Zongyu, HUANG Yiyong, CHENG Yun. Analysis of Influencing Factors of Tank Filling Ratio in Liquid Xenon Refueling Process (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(3): 455-462. DOI: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210611070
Citation: JIANG Chao, WU Zongyu, HUANG Yiyong, CHENG Yun. Analysis of Influencing Factors of Tank Filling Ratio in Liquid Xenon Refueling Process (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(3): 455-462. DOI: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210611070

液氙加注过程中贮箱充填率影响因素分析

doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.03.210611070
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目资助(52105290)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    蒋超:E-mail:hexianjc@163.com

  • 中图分类号: V524

Analysis of Influencing Factors of Tank Filling Ratio in Liquid Xenon Refueling Process

  • 摘要: 液氙在加注过程中可能会出现相变进而降低贮箱的充填率,因此需要了解贮箱充填率的影响因素。采用零维集总参数模型对液氙加注系统进行建模和仿真。基于AMESim计算液氮无排气加注过程中贮箱的充填率,其与文献中的实验结果接近。同时,基于AMESim搭建液氙加注系统,计算不同入口过冷度、入口压强、壁面温度和热流量条件下贮箱的充填率。结果表明,在相同加注时间条件下,提升入口过冷度、增加入口压强可以提升贮箱的充填率,而管路和贮箱受热会降低贮箱的充填率。

     

  • 图  1  液氙加注系统

    Figure  1.  Refueling system of liquid xenon

    图  2  液氮无排气加注系统仿真模型

    Figure  2.  No-vent fill system simulation model of liquid nitrogen

    图  3  液氙加注系统仿真模型

    Figure  3.  Refueling system simulation model of liquid xenon

    图  4  不同过冷度下被加注贮箱的压强、温度、质量和充填率曲线

    Figure  4.  Diagrams of pressure, temperature, mass and filling ratio of receiving tanks with different subcooling degrees

    图  5  管壁受热条件下液氙加注系统仿真模型

    Figure  5.  Refueling system simulation model of liquid xenon under the condition of pipe wall heating

    图  6  贮箱受热条件下液氙加注系统仿真模型

    Figure  6.  Refueling system simulation model of liquid xenon under the condition of tank heating

    图  7  热流量对贮箱压强、温度、质量和充填率的影响

    Figure  7.  Influence of the heat flow ratio on the pressure, temperature, mass and filling ratio of the tank

    表  1  AMESim中两相流库模型

    Table  1.   Two-phase flow reservoir in AMESim

    模块图标模块名称功能
    推进剂 确定工质的物性参数
    恒温恒压源 提供恒定的压强和温度,作为热力学状态确定边界条件
    恒质量和焓流量源 提供恒定的质量流量和比焓,作为热力学状态确定边界条件
    通用传感器
    监测管路截面的流量、干度、密度等流动参数
    管路 计算绝热管路的摩擦压降
    贮箱 计算贮箱内的两相流状态
    恒热流量源 给定热流量
    恒温源 给定恒壁温
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  地面液氮无排气加注实验工况

    Table  2.   No-vent fill experimental conditions of liquid nitrogen

    序号入口温度/K入口流量/(kg·s–1)初始温度/K初始压强/MPa贮箱体积/L加注时间/s
    1 72.8 0.0597 123.9 0.0248 141.58 1891
    2 70.0 0.0809 151.7 0.0269 141.58 1416
    3 67.8 0.0847 166.1 0.0310 141.58 1289
    4 79.4 0.0537 97.8 0.0338 141.58 1873
    5 79.0 0.672 107 0.1 180 184
    6 87.9 0.442 110 0.1 180 276
    7 81.3 0.190 119 0.1 180 472
    8 93.5 0.370 155 0.1 180 311
    9 79.1 0.508 123 0.1 180 206
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  贮箱充填率计算值与实验值的比较

    Table  3.   Comparison of calculated values of the filling ratio with experimental values

    序号实验值/(%)计算值/(%)误差/(%)
    1 93 96.8 3.8
    2 98 96.8 –1.2
    3 97 91.2 –5.8
    4 90 89.4 –0.6
    5 90 86.7 –3.3
    6 91.3 90.3 –1.0
    7 63.7 63.4 –0.3
    8 91 88.3 –2.7
    9 73 73.3 0.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同过冷度下贮箱的充填率

    Table  4.   Tank filling ratios with different subcooling degrees

    入口过冷度/K压强/MPa温度/K质量/kg干度充填率/(%)
    0 0.3893 192.5 44.17 0.0111 53.0
    1 0.3811 192.0 50.42 0.00796 60.6
    2 0.3711 191.4 56.57 0.00562 68.0
    3 0.3597 190.7 62.26 0.00390 74.8
    4 0.3476 189.9 67.59 0.00260 81.2
    5 0.3351 189.0 72.55 0.00162 87.0
    6 0.3225 188.1 77.26 0.000843 92.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同入口压强下贮箱的充填率

    Table  5.   Tank filling ratios under different inlet pressures

    入口压强/MPa压强/MPa温度/K质量/kg干度充填率/(%)
    0.2 0.1736 175.0 38.27 0.00719 44.1
    0.3 0.2649 183.7 52.26 0.00534 61.6
    0.4 0.3597 190.7 62.26 0.00390 74.8
    0.5 0.4575 196.5 69.90 0.00251 85.5
    0.6 0.5577 201.6 75.74 0.00113 94.1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同管壁壁面温度下贮箱的充填率

    Table  6.   Tank filling ratios under different wall temperatures

    壁面温度/K压强/MPa温度/K质量/kg干度充填率/(%)
    1700.1577173.152.950.0033260.9
    1800.2362181.344.450.0070652.0
    1900.3455189.728.500.021733.6
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  比较不同热流量情况下贮箱内压强、温度、质量和充填率

    Table  7.   Pressure, temperature, mass and filling ratio of the tank under different heat fluxes

    热流量/W压强/MPa温度/K质量/kg干度充填率/(%)
    0 0.3893 192.5 44.17 0.0111 53.0
    –50 0.3629 190.9 54.90 0.00605 65.9
    –100 0.3375 189.2 60.63 0.00412 72.6
    –150 0.3131 187.4 64.12 0.00311 76.5
    –200 0.2897 185.7 66.31 0.00253 78.8
    –250 0.2670 183.9 67.66 0.00216 80.0
    –300 0.2450 182.0 68.37 0.00193 80.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  不同加热热流量下贮箱的充填率

    Table  8.   Tank filling ratios under different heating heat fluxes

    热流量/W压强/MPa温度/K质量/kg干度充填率/(%)
    0 0.3893 192.5 44.17 0.0111 53.0
    5 0.3921 192.7 42.65 0.0120 52.1
    10 0.3948 192.9 40.98 0.0131 49.1
    15 0.3976 193.0 39.10 0.0144 46.8
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] CHATO D J. Thermodynamic modeling of the no-vent fill methodology for transferring cryogens in low gravity[C]//Proceedings of the 24 th Joint Propulsion Conference. Boston: AIAA, 1988
    [2] SAUTER D, HOCHSTEIN J, FITE L. Computational modeling of cryogenic propellant resupply[C]//Proceedings of the 44 th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. Reno: AIAA, 2006
    [3] KIM Y, LEE C, PARK J, et al. Experimental investigation on no-vent fill process using tetrafluoromethane (CF4)[J]. Cryogenics, 2016, 74: 123-130 doi: 10.1016/j.cryogenics.2015.12.005
    [4] WANG Caili, WANG Rongshun, LI Yang, et al. Comparison of performance about four different filling configurations in no-vent filling process[J]. Cryogenics, 2008(5): 35-39,55 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6516.2008.05.007
    [5] WANG Caili. Modeling and experimental study of no-vent fills for cryogenic liquid[D]. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2012
    [6] WANG L, LI Y Z, ZHANG F N, et al. Performance analysis of no-vent fill process for liquid hydrogen tank in terrestrial and on-orbit environments[J]. Cryogenics, 2015, 72: 161-171 doi: 10.1016/j.cryogenics.2015.10.001
    [7] MA Yuan, WANG Lei, SUN Peijie, et al. Numerical investigation of no-vent fill process of cryogens under microgravity condition[J]. Cryogenics, 2017(4): 7-13,20 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6516.2017.04.002
    [8] MA Y, LI Y Z, ZHU K, et al. Investigation on no-vent filling process of liquid hydrogen tank under microgravity condition[J]. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017, 42(12): 8264-8277 doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.02.198
    [9] AMESim User’s Guides[M]. LMS Imagine S. A., 2016
    [10] WANG Lei, LI Yanzhong, LI Cui, et al. Numerical comparison of three ullage models for the tank pressurization process of liquid rocket during outflow[J]. Journal of Aerospace Power, 2011, 26(9): 1995-2001
    [11] MORAN M E, NYLAND T W, PAPELL S S. Liquid Transfer Cryogenic Test Facility: Initial Hydrogen and Nitrogen No-Vent Fill Data[R]. Washington: NASA, 1990
  • 加载中
图(7) / 表(8)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  12
  • HTML全文浏览量:  5
  • PDF下载量:  7
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-08
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-15
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回