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全球海表流场多尺度结构观测卫星计划

杜岩 董晓龙 蒋兴伟 张玉红 朱迪 王闵杨 吴炜 王祥鹏 赵章喆 徐星欧 唐世林 经志友 李毅能 陈琨 陈雯

杜岩, 董晓龙, 蒋兴伟, 张玉红, 朱迪, 王闵杨, 吴炜, 王祥鹏, 赵章喆, 徐星欧, 唐世林, 经志友, 李毅能, 陈琨, 陈雯. 全球海表流场多尺度结构观测卫星计划[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(5): 849-861. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.2022-0047
引用本文: 杜岩, 董晓龙, 蒋兴伟, 张玉红, 朱迪, 王闵杨, 吴炜, 王祥鹏, 赵章喆, 徐星欧, 唐世林, 经志友, 李毅能, 陈琨, 陈雯. 全球海表流场多尺度结构观测卫星计划[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(5): 849-861. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.2022-0047
DU Yan, DONG Xiaolong, JIANG Xingwei, ZHANG Yuhong, ZHU Di, WANG Minyang, WU Wei, WANG Xiangpeng, ZHAO Zhangzhe, XU Xing’ou, TANG Shilin, JING Zhiyou, LI Yineng, CHEN Kun, CHEN Wen. Ocean Surface Current Multiscale Observation Mission (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(5): 849-861 doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.2022-0047
Citation: DU Yan, DONG Xiaolong, JIANG Xingwei, ZHANG Yuhong, ZHU Di, WANG Minyang, WU Wei, WANG Xiangpeng, ZHAO Zhangzhe, XU Xing’ou, TANG Shilin, JING Zhiyou, LI Yineng, CHEN Kun, CHEN Wen. Ocean Surface Current Multiscale Observation Mission (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(5): 849-861 doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.2022-0047

全球海表流场多尺度结构观测卫星计划

doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.2022-0047
基金项目: 中国科学院空间科学战略性先导科技专项(XDA15020901)和国家自然科学基金项目(41830538)共同资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    杜岩,E-mail:duyan@scsio.ac.cn

    董晓龙,E-mail:dongxiaolong@mirslab.cn

  • 中图分类号: P731

Ocean Surface Current Multiscale Observation Mission

  • 摘要: 全球海表流场多尺度结构观测卫星计划(Ocean Surface Current multiscale Observation Mission, OSCOM)首次提出海表流场、海面风场和海浪谱(简称 “流–风–浪”)一体化探测的多普勒散射计(Doppler Scatterometer, DOPS)测量原理和系统体制。OSCOM采用Ka-Ku双频多波束圆锥扫描体制的真实孔径雷达,将实现超过1000 km观测刈幅、公里级分辨率的“流–风–浪”一体化卫星直接观测。OSCOM将突破海洋亚中尺度非平衡态动力学、海洋多尺度相互作用、海气耦合的研究瓶颈,支撑实现海洋系统科学、气候变化等理论研究的重大突破。未来,应用OSCOM海表流速观测的模式改进,将奠定海洋非平衡态过程数值模拟、同化和预报的动力学基础,实现海洋和海气耦合模式的重大改进。通过与多源数据融合,OSCOM海流观测的应用将为海洋生物地球化学循环、碳收支研究和国家重大任务提供支撑。OSCOM科学卫星的实施对于我国地球系统科学和卫星对地观测重大应用的突破有至关重要的意义,有望带动我国应用卫星的发展从追赶、并行走向领跑。

     

  • 图  1  海洋多尺度动力过程示意(改自文献[13])。气候变化为海平面变化趋势,大尺度环流和中尺度涡中的填色为大洋环流模式数据的海表流速,箭头为海表流场,亚中尺度数据来自高分六号卫星

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of multiscale ocean dynamics (updated from Ref. [13]). Climate change is the sea level trend. Large-scale circulation and mesoscale eddy filled with surface current speed from model reanalysis data. Arrows are the currents, and the sub-mesoscale data are from the GF-6 satellite

    图  2  OSCOM示意。海洋大尺度和中尺度填色为大洋环流模式数据的海表流速,大尺度中的箭头为海面风场,中尺度中的箭头为海表流场,亚中尺度数据来自高分六号卫星

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of OSCOM, large-scale and mesoscale oceanographic data are filled with surface current speed from model reanalysis data, arrows in large scale are surface winds and arrows in mesoscale are surface currents, sub-mesoscale data are from the GF-6 satellite

    图  3  有效载荷与数据及其对科学目标的贡献

    Figure  3.  Payloads, data products, and their contribution to scientific objectives

    图  4  多普勒散射计海面观测几何

    Figure  4.  Doppler scatterometer observing strategy

    表  1  多普勒海洋学卫星任务计划对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of Doppler oceanography satellite mission plan

    任务OSCOM中国SEASTAR欧洲WaCM美国SKIM欧洲Harmony欧洲
    目标 全球海表“流–风–浪”一体化观测 沿海、陆架和极地海域的亚中尺度过程 全球海洋表层流–风场同步观测 全球赤道至高纬度中尺度表层海流/浪观测 全球冰、固体地球和海洋表面的动态形变观测
    观测变量 海表面全流场、海浪谱、风矢量 海表面全流场、风矢量、海浪谱 海表面全流场、风矢量 海表面全流场、海浪 海表面全流场
    载荷 Ku+Ka双频Doppler散射计 顺轨干涉SAR(大天线) Ka波段Doppler散射计 Ka波段Doppler散射计 C波段SAR(大天线)
    分辨率/km 5(流场) 1 5 30 1~4
    探测精度/(m·s–1 0.1 (流速) 0.25 0.15
    幅宽/km >1000 320 1800 320
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  OSCOM卫星有效载荷DOPS配置方案

    Table  2.   DOPS configuration scheme of OSCOM satellite payload

    参数测量要素关键技术指标备注
    双波段:Ku,Ka
    入射角:46°~49°
    极化方式:
    Ka波段 VV
    Ku波段 HH,VV
    海表流场(Ocean Surface Current,
    OSC)
    分辨率:
    5 km(OSC,OSVW)
    10 km (OSWS)
    OSVW和OSWS为OSC反演提供关键辅助信息
    海面风场(Ocean , Surface Vector Wind, OSVW) 刈幅:>1000 km
    海浪谱(Ocean Surface Wave Spectrum,OSWS) 测量精度:
    0.1 m·s–1(OSC)
    1.5 m·s–1(OSVW)
    波长精度≤15%(海浪谱)
    方向精度≤15°(OSC,OSVW,OSWS)
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-09-02
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-10
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-21

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