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平流层飞艇总体设计的基础问题

于春锐 乔凯 刘东旭

于春锐, 乔凯, 刘东旭. 平流层飞艇总体设计的基础问题[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(5): 927-932. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.211015106
引用本文: 于春锐, 乔凯, 刘东旭. 平流层飞艇总体设计的基础问题[J]. 空间科学学报, 2022, 42(5): 927-932. doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.211015106
YU Chunrui, QIAO Kai, LIU Dongxu. Basic Problems Research in Stratospheric Airship Design (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(5): 927-932 doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.211015106
Citation: YU Chunrui, QIAO Kai, LIU Dongxu. Basic Problems Research in Stratospheric Airship Design (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2022, 42(5): 927-932 doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.211015106

平流层飞艇总体设计的基础问题

doi: 10.11728/cjss2022.05.211015106
详细信息
    作者简介:

    于春锐:E-mail:ycrzxc@163.com

  • 中图分类号: V274

Basic Problems Research in Stratospheric Airship Design

  • 摘要: 平流层飞艇是一种新型的长航时临近空间飞行器,具有驻空高度高、驻空时间长、承载能力大、使用效费比高等特点,在对地观测及通信中继等领域具有广泛应用前景。但是该飞行器系统十分复杂,技术与设计实现难度大,总体设计需要考虑的基础问题及解决方案尚不完全明晰。根据平流层大气风场、温度和压力的基础特征,考虑平流层环境对平流层飞艇总体设计的影响,根据空气动力学与热力学基本理论,分析平流层飞艇的显著特征及与常规低空飞艇的区别,研究这些基础问题对平流层飞艇总体设计的影响,为平流层飞艇技术发展提供建议和参考。

     

  • 图  1  某地区20 km定高探空气球 1 h 轨迹曲线

    Figure  1.  One-hour trajectory of a 20 km-fixed-altitude sounding balloon in a certain area

    图  2  某探空气球气压高度与卫星导航高度测量值曲线

    Figure  2.  Measured altitude curves of a sounding balloon by barometric altimeter and satellite navigation system

    图  3  平流层飞艇艇体表面温度分布

    Figure  3.  Temperature distribution of envelope surface of a stratospheric airship

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-13
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-26

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