摘要: In this review, we discuss the structure and dynamics of the magnetospheric Low-Latitude Boundary Layer (LLBL) based on recent results from multi-satellite missions Cluster and Double Star. This boundary layer, adjacent to the magnetopause on the magnetospheric side, usually consists of a mixture of plasma of magnetospheric and magnetosheath origins, and plays an important role in the transfer of mass and energy from the solar wind into the magnetosphere and subsequent magnetospheric dynamics. During southward Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) conditions, this boundary layer is generally considered to be formed as a result of the reconnection process between the IMF and magnetospheric magnetic field lines at the dayside magnetopause, and the structure and plasma properties inside the LLBL can be understood in terms of the time history since the reconnection process. During northward IMF conditions, the LLBL is usually thicker, and has more complex structure and topology. Recent observations confirm that the LLBL observed at the dayside can be formed by single lobe reconnection, dual lobe reconnection, or by sequential dual lobe reconnection, as well as partially by localized cross-field diffusion. The LLBL magnetic topology and plasma signatures inside the different sub-layers formed by these processes are discussed in this review. The role of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in the formation of the LLBL at the flank magnetopause is also discussed. Overall, we conclude that the LLBL observed at the flanks can be formed by the combination of processes, (dual) lobe reconnection and plasma mixing due to non-linear Kelvin-Helmholtz waves.
摘要: 利用Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer(AMS)实验对近地空间不同地磁纬度处不同能量原初宇宙线微分能谱的观测,通过积分近似计算和拟合方法,研究得出西藏羊八井地磁纬度处原初宇宙线质子动能在0.44～4.31GeV,4.31～12.38GeV,12.38～199.06GeV区间内的积分流强与拟合能谱函数以及原初宇宙线氦核在刚度区间6.92～14.45GV,14.45～229.9GV的积分流强与拟合能谱函数,为近一步进行羊八井处本底宇宙线流强估算奠定了基础.